Portrait of a Garden


I had, when I studied horticulture back in the 1970’s, the good fortune to be exposed to the last generation of a great gardening tradition.   At the New York Botanical Garden, where I was a student, there were still a number of elderly gardeners who had been trained on great private estates in Europe.  They were, often, less innovative than the best of their younger American trained colleagues, but they had a mastery of gardening as a craft that far exceeded anything you will find today.

My mentor at the Botanical Garden, for instance, the former director of horticulture, T. H. Everett, had worked his way through a traditional apprenticeship on estates before enrolling at a three-year educational program at Kew.  As an apprentice, Everett had had to master, through endless repetition, a vast range of practical techniques.  This resulted in a sort of muscle memory that cannot be acquired through books or lectures.  Everett’s teachers had bequeathed to him hundreds of years-worth of practical experience.  When, late in life, Everett wrote his ten-volume Encyclopedia of Horticulture, an astonishing amount of the text derived from his own personal experience.

This sort of craftsmanship died with the end of the apprenticeship system in the years that followed World War II.  You can get a flavor of it, however, by watching a new movie, Portrait of a Garden, by Dutch filmmaker Rosie Stapel. Available through iTunes, this film takes the viewer at a meditative pace through a year in the oldest “kitchen garden” in the Netherlands, part of an estate that dates back to 1630.

The owner of the estate, Daan van der Have, works in the garden with 85-year-old pruning master Jan Freriks, pinching and snipping and planting according to systems perfected over centuries of observation and practice — in the case of the pruning of a black mulberry tree, the techniques date to the reign of Louis XIV.

The time frame of these two master gardeners is very different from that of modern practitioners.  In the case of a two ranks of pear trees that flank an arbor, they have pruned meticulously for 15 years by the time when the movie was shot, fostering what will one day become a perfect tunnel.  One might think that two elderly men, with death impending, would be in a hurry to get results.  But these two work within a tradition that is timeless.  Watching them, one recognizes what we, in our hurry, have lost.

Previous articleBackyard Labyrinths Trending?
Next articleCrazy petunias—what do we think?
Thomas Christopher

My father was a compulsive tree planter, but it was my mother who taught me the finer points of gardening.

Her homeschooling was followed by two years in the New York Botanical Garden’s School of Professional Horticulture, and then ten years as horticulturist at an Olmsted Brothers designed estate on the Hudson River Palisades.

I’ve worked as a horticultural journalist for 35 years, contributing to publications ranging from Martha Stewart Living to the Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society and The New York Times.  My most recent book is Nature Into Art: The Gardens of Wave Hill, which is a tour of the lessons to be learned from that great public garden.  I’m currently focusing on my new podcast (at thomaschristophergardens.com) which features weekly interviews with leaders of environmentally-informed gardening.

My special enthusiasms include sustainable gardening, especially sustainable lawns;  heirloom chicken breeds; and recreating vintage New England hard ciders.


Contact Tom by email


  1. I am reminded of the famous quotation from one of Thomas Jefferson’s letters:

    “No occupation is so delightful to me as the culture of the earth, and no culture comparable to that of the garden. Such a variety of subjects, some one always coming to perfection, the failure of one thing repaired by the success of another, and instead of one harvest a continued one through the year… But though an old man, I am but a young gardener.”

  2. I am 59 and have been a professional gardener since the age of 24. I await the day I can ‘quit’ my profession and work at a more idle and contemplative speed in my home garden.

    But alas, for income my movements have to be fast, efficient, a multi tasker in the garden.

Comments are closed.